Adopted: 06/13/2006 Sebeka Public School Policy
Local Wellness Policy:
The purpose of this policy is to assure a school environment that promotes and protects students’ health, well-being, and ability to learn by supporting healthy eating and physical activity.
II.GENERAL STATEMENT OF POLICY
The Sebeka Public School is committed to providing a healthy school environment because:
A.The school board recognizes that nutrition education and physical education are essential components of the educational process and that good health fosters student attendance and education.
B.The school environment should promote and protect students’ health, well being, and ability to learn by encouraging healthy eating and physical activity.
C.The school district encourages the involvement of students, parents, teachers, including K-12 specialists in health, physical education, nutrition education, science, school health, school staff, food service staff, school administration, school board members and other interested persons (such as County Extension) in implementing, monitoring and reviewing school district nutrition and physical activity policies. The Sebeka Wellness Action Team (S.W.A.T.) is the designated Wellness Committee to plan, implement and improve the school district’s nutrition and physical activity in the school environment.
D.Children need access to healthy foods and opportunities to be physically active in order to grow, learn, thrive, and to achieve academic success.
E.All students in grades K-12 will have opportunities, support and encouragement to be physically active on a regular basis.
F.Qualified food service personnel will provide students with access to a variety of affordable, nutritious, and appealing foods that meet the health and nutrition needs of students; try to accommodate the religious, ethnic, and cultural diversity of the student body in meal planning; and will provide a clean, safe, and pleasant setting and adequate time for students to eat.
A.Foods and Beverages Served/Sold During the School Day
1. All foods and beverages made available at school (including concessions, vending, beverage contracts, and a la carte cafeteria items) will be consistent with the current USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
a.Food and beverages offered at school will be nutrient-dense, including whole grain products and fiber-rich fruits and vegetable to provide students a variety of choices to maintain a balanced diet.
b.Food and beverages available during the school day will include a variety of healthy choices that are of excellent quality, appealing to students, and served at the proper temperatures.
c.Food and beverages available during the school day minimize the use of trans and saturated fats, sodium and sugars as defined by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
d.Elementary School:The Food Service program will approve and provide all food and beverage sales to students in elementary school. Given young children’s limited nutrition skills, food in elementary school will be sold as a balanced meal. Food and beverages will not be sold individually to students, except low-fat milk. Foods and beverages served for programs conducted after the school day will meet nutrition and portion size standards as listed below.
e.Jr. High/High School:All foods and beverages sold through the Food Service program, including those sold individually and ala carte during the school day or through programs for students before or after the school day will meet the USDA nutrition and portion size standards.
During the school day, vending machines are open during lunch periods for the purchase of milk/milk products and fruit juice only. Other vending machines are turned on after school hours.
·Recommended in vending machines:Water without added caloric sweeteners; fruit and vegetable juices and fruit-based drinks that contain at least 50% - 100% fruit juice and that do not contain additional caloric sweeteners; unflavored or flavored low-fat or fat-free milk.
·Not Recommended in vending machines: Carbonated beverages; sports drinks, iced teas; fruit-based drinks that contain less than 50% real fruit juice or that contain additional caloric sweetener; beverages containing caffeine, excluding low-fat or fat-free chocolate milk (which contain trivial amounts of caffeine).
·Foods and beverages available during the school day will minimize the use of trans and saturated fats, sodium and sugar as defined by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
·A choice of at least two fruits and/or non-fried vegetables will be offered where meals and food is served/sold. Such items will include, but not limited to, fresh fruits and vegetables; 100% fruit and vegetable juice; cooked, dried or canned fruits (canned in fruit juice or light syrup); and cooked, frozen and canned vegetables.
·Food and beverages will be offered in modest portion sizes age-appropriate for elementary, middle, and high school students respectively.
2.Food service personnel will take every measure to ensure that student access to foods and beverages meet or exceed all federal, state, and local laws and guidelines.
3.Food Service personnel shall adhere to all federal, state, and local food safety and security guidelines.
4.The school district will make every effort to eliminate any social stigma attached to, and prevent the overt identification of, students who are eligible for free and reduced-price school meals. Food and nutrition services will utilize electronic identification and payment systems, provide free breakfast and lunch meals for K-12thgrade students according to income eligibility, and promote the availability of school meals to all students.
5.The school district will provide students access to hand washing or hand sanitizing before they eat meals or snacks.
6.The school district will make every effort to provide students with sufficient time to eat after sitting down for school meals and will schedule meal periods at appropriate times during the school day.
a.Will provide students with at least 10 minutes to eat after being seated for breakfast and 20 minutes after being seated for lunch.
b.Should schedule meal periods at appropriate times:
·Breakfast will be served from 8:00 – 8:25 a.m.
·Lunch will be served between 11:00 a.m. and 12:30 p.m.
c.Lunch periods for elementary students will be scheduled to follow recess periods to increase student nutrient intake and reduce food waste.
d.Eating areas are adequate for seating all students.
7.The school district will discourage tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or activities during mealtimes, unless students may eat during such activities.
8.Students will be discouraged from sharing their food or beverages with one another during meals or snack times, considering health concerns, possible food allergies or other dietary restrictions.
9.The school district will encourage all children to eat breakfast, either at home or at school to meet nutritional needs and enhance their ability to learn
10.The school district will offer the School Breakfast Program to the extent possible or by regulation.
a.School will, to the extent possible, arrange bus schedules and utilize methods to serve school breakfast that encourage participation.
b.School will notify all parents of the availability of the School Breakfast Program.
11.Snacks:Snacks served during the school day, including before and after school will be made with whole grains, or fruits, vegetables and dairy as primary snack items to make a positive contribution to children’s diets and health. Parents will be notified that candy will not be allowed to be consumed as a snack during the school day. Candy brought to school, intended for a snack will be sent home. The district will disseminate a list of healthful snack items.
12.Field Trips:When a field trip is planned to occur during the school day including the scheduled lunch period, the classroom teacher will, to the extent possible, collaborate with Food and Nutrition Services to provide a meal for students unable to provide a lunch from home, also considering those students receiving free/reduced priced meals.
13.Rewards: Rewards and incentives will be used that do not undermine the health of students and/or reinforce unhealthy eating habits.
a.When rewards are utilized at school, non-food rewards and incentives will be used as a first choice to encourage positive behavior and/or academic performance.
b.Food and/or beverages will be used sparingly as a reward or incentive for good behavior or academic performance, unless it is allowed through a student’s Individual Education Plan or a behavior intervention plan.
c.The school district will disseminate a list of positive, non-food rewards.
14.Celebrations:The school should limit celebrations that involve food during the school day to no more than one party per class per month. Classroom celebrations, especially in Elementary, should encourage healthy choices and portion control. The celebration should take place during the school day at a time that does not interfere with school meals. When celebrations occur during the scheduled lunch periods, the classroom teacher will collaborate with Food and Nutrition Services, to the extent as possible. The district will disseminate a list of healthy party ideas to parents and teachers.
If a child chooses to acknowledge his/her birthday at school by bringing a treat, non-food items or healthy food choices will be encouraged to be brought. All candy brought to school for this purpose will not be consumed at school and sent home with the students.
15.Fundraising: To support children’s health and school nutrition education efforts, the school will encourage fundraising that promotes the sale of non-food and nutritious food items, considering food safety. The school will also encourage fundraising activities that promote physical activity. All fundraising activities must be pre-approved annually by the Fundraising Committee, following the set procedures and guidelines. The district will generate a list of ideas for acceptable fundraising activities.
16.School-sponsored Events (such as, but not limited to, athletic events, dances, or performances).Concession sales can be a great opportunity to provide and promote healthy choices. Concession sales can be profitable and contribute to the health and well being of students. Research shows that students will buy and consume healthy foods and beverages when the options are tasty, accessible and affordable. To the extent possible, items sold at concessions will also include alternative healthy foods.
17.Promotional activities will be limited to programs that are requested by school officials to support teaching and learning. All promotional activities in schools will be connected to activities that encourage physical activity, academic achievement, or positive youth development.
18.Advertising messages are consistent with and reinforce the objectives of the education and nutrition environment goals of the school. Advertising of foods or beverages in the areas accessible to students during meal times must be consistent with standard established for the school environment.
B.School Food Service Program/Personnel, Safety and Security
1.The school district will provide a healthy and safe school meal program that strictly complies with all federal, state, and local statutes and regulations.
2.The Director of the Food Service Program shall be responsible for the school district’s school meal program, whose duties shall include the creation of nutrition guidelines and procedures for the selection of foods and beverages served in the cafeterias during the school day to ensure food and beverage choices are consistent with current USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
3.The Food Service Program will aim to be financially self-supporting. However, the program is an essential educational support activity. Budget neutrality or profit generation will not take precedence over the nutritional needs of the students. The Food Service Program will ensure that all students have affordable access to the varied and nutritious foods they need.
4.The school district shall designate an appropriate person, whose duties shall include the creation of nutrition guidelines and procedures for the selection of foods and beverages made available at school not included in the Food Service Program to ensure food and beverage choices are consistent with current USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
5.All foods prepared and made available at school will comply with the state and local food safety and sanitation regulations. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plans and guidelines are implemented to prevent food-borne illnesses in schools.
6.For the safety and security of the food and facility, access to the Food Service Programs operations are limited to Food Service Staff and authorized personnel.
7.As part of the school district’s responsibility to operate a food service program, the school district will provide continuing professional development for all food service personnel in schools. Staff development programs may include appropriate certification and/or training programs for the Head Cook and Food Service workers, according to their levels of responsibility.
C. Nutrition Education and Promotion
1.The school district will encourage and support healthy eating by students and engage in nutrition promotion that is:
a.Offered as part of a comprehensive program designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect their health;
b.Part of health education classes as well as being integrated into other areas of the curriculum such as math, science, language arts, social sciences, and elective subjects, where appropriate; and
c.Enjoyable, developmentally appropriate, culturally relevant, and includes participatory activities, such as contest, promotions, taste testing, and field trips.
2.Teachers responsible for nutrition education will be adequately prepared and participate regularly in professional development activities to effectively deliver an accurate nutrition education program. Preparation and professional development activities will provide basic knowledge of nutrition, combined with skill practice in program-specific, evidence based activities and instructional techniques and strategies designed to promote healthy eating habits.
3.The school cafeteria will be encouraged to serve as a “learning laboratory” to allow students to apply nutrition skills taught in the classroom. The promotion of healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low fat dairy products will be encouraged.
4.The school district will provide information to families that encourage them to teach their children about health, nutrition, and the importance of daily physical activity.
5.The school district will encourage all students to make age appropriate, healthy selections of foods and beverages, including those sold individually outside the reimbursable school meal programs, such as through a la carte [snack] lines, vending machines, fundraising events, and concession stands.
1.The primary goals of physical activity in schools are to provide:
a.Opportunities for students to develop the knowledge and skills for specific physical activities.
b.Regular physical activity to maintain students’ physical fitness.
c.Instruction on the short and long-term benefits of a physically active lifestyle.
2.Physical Education (P.E.) K-12.
a.All students in grades K-12, including students with disabilities and special health-care needs will receive regular physical education (or its equivalent of 150 minutes/week for elementary school students and 125 minutes/week for junior and high school students) for the entire school year.
i.A goal for junior and senior high school students in physical education class will be to increase the time toward the recommended national health standard of 225 minutes/week.
b.Certified physical education teachers will teach all physical education.
c.The 7-12thgrade physical education curriculum should be coordinated with the health education curriculum.
d.The physical education classes will be held in the environment where students learn, practice and are assessed on developmentally appropriate motor and social skills.
e.Student involvement in other activities involving physical activity (i.e. interscholastic or intramural sports) will not be substituted for meeting the physical education requirement.
f.Students will spend at least 50 % of physical education class time participating in moderate to vigorous physical activity.
3. Integrating Physical Activity into the Classroom Setting. For students to receive the nationally recommended amount of daily physical activity (i.e. at least 60 minutes per day) and for students to fully embrace regular physical activity as a personal behavior, students need opportunities for physical activity beyond PE (Physical Education) class. Toward that end:
a.Classroom health education will reinforce the knowledge and self-management skills needed to maintain a healthy lifestyle and reduce sedentary activities such as watching television;
b.Opportunities for physical activity will be incorporated into other subject lessons, where appropriate, and
c.Classroom teachers will provide short physical activity breaks between lessons or classes, as appropriate.
1.Daily Recess.All elementary school students will have at least 20 minutes a day of supervised recess, preferably outdoors, during which schools should encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity verbally and through the provision of space and equipment. School will discourage extended periods (i.e. periods of two or more hours) of inactivity. Recess period will be scheduled before lunch.
2.Physical Activity Opportunities Before and After School. All students will be offered extracurricular physical activity programs and interscholastic sports programs. The school will offer a variety of activities, to the extent possible, that meet the needs, interests, and abilities of students, including boys, girls, students with disabilities, and students with special health-care needs. After-school programs will encourage and provide, to the extent possible - verbally and through the provision of space, equipment and activities – periods of moderate to vigorous physical activity for participants.
3.Physical Activity and Punishment. Teachers and other school and community personnel will not use physical activity (i.e. running laps, pushups) or withhold opportunities for physical activity (i.e. recess, physical education) as punishment. The school district will discourage tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or activities during recess or physical education class times.
4.Use of School Facilities Outside of School Hours.School spaces and facilities will be available, to the extent possible, for students, staff, and community members before, during and after the school day, on weekends, and during school vacations for physical activity and nutrition programs.
At present, offering additional activities to increase physical activity and nutrition programs are limited due to available school and facility space. The goal is to develop a master schedule of all school activities scheduled before, during and after the school day to determine when and where space is available. In addition, procedures will be reinforced for planning school activities and signing up for the available space.
E.Communications with Parents
1.The school district recognizes that parents and guardians have a primary and fundamental role in promoting and protecting their children’s health and well-being.
2.The school district will support parents’ efforts to provide a healthy diet and daily physical activity for their children.
3.The school district encourages parents to pack healthy lunches and snacks and refrain from including beverages and foods without nutritional value.
4.The school district will provide information about physical education and other school-based physical activity opportunities and will support parents’ efforts to provide their children with opportunities to be physically active outside of school. The main communication tools will be the Friday Elementary Newsletter, Community Education Newsletter and Sebeka School News Column in the Local Review Messenger and Sebeka School Website.
F. Staff Wellness
1.Sebeka School highly values the health and well being of every staff member and will plan and implement activities that support personal efforts by staff to maintain a healthy lifestyle. All school staff should act as role models for good nutrition and physical activity behaviors. An Employee Wellness Committee will be developed to plan and implement activities for health promotion. The district will encourage all staff members to participate in health promotion activities planned and implemented at school to promote staff health and wellness.
IV. IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING
A.The Wellness Policy will be implemented throughout the school district after approval by the School Board.
B.The S.W.A.T. Team Wellness Committee will monitor and evaluate the school district’s implementation of the Wellness Policy. The S.W.A.T. Team Wellness Committee will meet once or twice a year to review and update the policy. Members of the S.W.A.T. Team Wellness Committee include the following: School Administrator, Community Education Director, Teachers, Paraprofessional, School Nurse, Students, Food Service Director, County Extension and members from the community.
C.Faculty/Staff responsible for the areas outlined within this policy, at the school or district level, will ensure compliance and report to the S.W.A.T. Team Wellness Committee as appropriate. An annual report of the school district’s compliance with the policy will be given to the Superintendent and School Board.
D.The Center for Disease Control, (CDC) School Health Index will be utilized to assess the nutrition and physical activity needs for students. Assessments will be repeated every three years to review policy compliance, assess progress, and determine areas in need of improvement.
E.School food service staff will ensure compliance within the school’s food service areas and will report to the Food Service Program Director, the building principal, or the superintendent’s designee, as appropriate.
F.The school district’s food service program director will provide an annual report for the superintendent setting forth the nutrition guidelines and procedures for selection of all foods prepared and made available at school.
G.The superintendent or designee will ensure compliance with the wellness policy and will provide an annual report of the school district’s compliance with the policy to the school board.
Legal References:42 U.S.C. § 1751et.seq.(Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act)
42 U.S.C. § 1771et.seq.(Child Nutrition Act of 1966)
P.L. 108-265 (2004) § 204 (Local Wellness Policy)
7 U.S.C. § 5341 (Establishment of Dietary Guidelines)
7 C.F.R. § 210.10 (School Lunch Program Regulations)
7 C.F.R. § 220.8 (School Breakfast Program Regulations)
Local Resources: Minnesota Department of Education,www.education.state.mn.us
Minnesota Department of Health,www.health.state.mn.us
County Health Departments
Action for Healthy Kids Minnesota,www.actionforhealthykids.organdwww.actionforhealthykids.org/filelib/toolsforteams/recom/MN-Healthy%20Foods%20for%20Kids%208-2004.pdf
Additional References and Associations Involved:
·American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD)
·American Association of School Administrators (AASA)
·Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
·Nation Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP)
·National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP)
·National Association of State Board of Education (NASBE)
·National School Board Association (NSBA)
·School Nutrition Association (SNA)
·Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
·National Food Service Management Institute (NFSMI) – Eating at School Summary
·United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
·United State Department of Health and Human Services